The way we live has changed significantly in the twenty-first century. While our lifestyles have drastically improved in terms of luxury, they have led to us becoming sedentary, which in turn has led to the emergence of a brand-new class of illnesses known as
What are lifestyle diseases?
Lifestyle diseases are chronic conditions that are influenced by how we live our lives. They are also referred to as non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and include illnesses like cancer, diabetes,
Why are lifestyle diseases dangerous?
One of the main reasons why lifestyle diseases are dangerous is that they often go unnoticed until they reach an advanced stage. For example, someone with high blood pressure or high cholesterol may not experience any symptoms until they have a heart attack or stroke. Similarly, a person with diabetes may not be aware of the condition until they develop complications such as nerve damage, kidney failure, or blindness. By the time these conditions are diagnosed, the disease may have already caused significant damage to the body.
What does WHO have to say?
The prevalence of lifestyle diseases is increasing at an alarming rate. According to the
Major causes of lifestyle diseases
1) Sedentary lifestyle: Today's professions sometimes include lengthy periods of sitting at a desk, and when workers get home from the office, they frequently spend their downtime watching TV, using their phones, or using computers. Weight gain, a risk factor for many lifestyle diseases, might result from the lack of exercise.
2) Junk food: The amount of readily available fast food and processed food is another concern. These meals frequently have high calorie counts, levels of salt, sugar, and bad fats, which can cause weight gain and other health issues. Moreover, the popularity of sugary beverages has contributed to the growth in diabetes and obesity rates.
3) Stress: Stress plays a significant role in lifestyle disorders. Whether it's because of obligations to their families, jobs, or finances, many people lead stressful lives. Persistent stress can cause heart disease, high blood pressure, and depression, among other health issues.
4) Smoking: Smoking is a major contributor to lung cancer, but it is also associated with other ailments like heart disease, stroke, and respiratory illnesses. Many people continue to smoke despite the acknowledged health dangers, placing themselves at risk for these curable illnesses.
Prevention of lifestyle diseases
Lifestyle disease prevention necessitates a multifaceted strategy. The adoption of a healthy lifestyle is one of the most crucial measures. This involves maintaining a healthy weight, exercising frequently, controlling stress, and abstaining from alcohol and smoking. Eating a healthy diet that is high in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains can help reduce the risk of heart disease, stroke, and diabetes. Regular exercise can help maintain a healthy weight and reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke. Stress management techniques such as meditation, yoga, or deep breathing can help reduce stress levels and improve overall health.
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