Pneumonia Outbreak In China: Health departments of several states including Rajasthan, Gujarat, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Uttarakhand have put alerts in sight of rising pneumonia cases in China. China is grappling with a surge in respiratory illnesses, including pneumonia, especially in children. The World Health Organization (WHO) sought information on the laboratory results, data on recent trends, and the spread of pneumonia last week.

According to WHO, “On 21 November, media and ProMED reported clusters of undiagnosed pneumonia in children in northern China. It is unclear if these are associated with the overall increase in respiratory infections previously reported by Chinese authorities or separate events.” WHO also reported that since mid-October, China has experienced an increase in cases of influenza-like illness compared to the same period in the previous three years.

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Important Things About Pneumonia

1. It Can Be A Bacterial, Viral, Or Fungal Infection

According to Harvard Medical School, bacterial pneumonia can also complicate a viral illness like the flu. Many viruses can cause pneumonia. Most cases of viral pneumonia are relatively mild, but some can cause severe symptoms, such as severe acute respiratory system (SARS) coronavirus and the more recent SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19). The most common cause of bacterial pneumonia is Strep pneumonia (often called pneumococcal pneumonia).

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2. Both Young And Old At Risk

Age is one of the biggest risk factors for pneumonia and young children and adults (over the age of 65) are at the highest risk of pneumonia. While majorly, children under 2 years of age are likely to be at high risk of getting diagnosed with this respiratory illness. But it can be treated with proper medication and care.

3. How It Spreads

Pneumonia is a contagious disease that can spread from one person to another (Image Credits: Canva)

Pneumonia is a contagious respiratory disease that spreads from person to person when one coughs or sneezes. The droplets from the infected person’s mouth or nostrils are released into the air, making the other person breathe the same germ-infected air.

4. Symptoms

Some common symptoms of pneumonia to watch out for include high fever (up to 105 F or 40.55 C), cough with yellow, green or bloody mucus, tiredness (fatigue), rapid breathing, shortness of breath, rapid heart rate, sweating or chills, chest pain and/or abdominal pain, especially with coughing or deep breathing, loss of appetite, bluish skin, lips or nails (cyanosis) and confusion or altered mental state.

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5. Treatment

According to the Cleveland Clinic, treatment for pneumonia depends on the cause, bacterial, viral or fungal and how serious the case is. In many cases, the cause can’t be determined and treatment is focused on managing symptoms and making sure the condition doesn’t get worse.

 

(Disclaimer: This article is for informational purposes only. It is not a substitute for professional advice, diagnosis or treatment.)

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