Mumbai, August 02 : Heart is a very important organ in the body. Therefore, any disease related to the heart is considered serious. Because it can lead to death. Over the last few years, the incidence of heart disorders has been increasing due to various reasons. The death rate due to heart attack is also significant. Therefore, it is necessary to make consistent efforts to keep the heart healthy. Improper lifestyle, improper diet, sedentary lifestyle, heredity, obesity, lack of exercise, as well as side effects of medications for other disorders can lead to heart disease. Therefore, it is advisable to take measures like proper diet to prevent heart disease, adequate exercise to control weight, regular medical consultation, yoga and meditation to prevent stress. Considering heart diseases, the number of Coronary Artery Disease patients in America is significant. Blood supply to the heart is affected in this disorder. A heart attack can occur if the blood supply to the heart is interrupted or obstructed. Apart from coronary artery disease, there are other types of heart disease. Let’s know the information about these types in detail. Heart disease affects the structure and function of the heart. Most people think of heart disease as a condition. However, heart disease is a combination of many different causes and conditions. The type of heart disease determines what and how your heart is affected. Types of heart disease include coronary artery disease, heart rhythm disease, congenital heart disease, heart valve disease, disease of the heart muscle, and heart infection. Also Read – Cancer Treatment: Is cancer treatment really a lot of trouble? How is cancer treated?

Coronary Artery Disease i.e. Vascular Disease: Arteriosclerosis is seen in this type of heart disease. When the arteries in a patient’s heart become narrowed or blocked, it is called coronary artery disease. This is considered a common form of heart disease. This leads to a heart attack. Due to interruption of blood flow, the heart function is affected when blood flow is obstructed. Symptoms like chest pain, heaviness in the chest, pain in the shoulders, arms, jaw are seen in this disorder. Increase in LDL cholesterol, decrease in HDL cholesterol, high blood pressure, diabetes, genetics, addiction, obesity etc. cause this disease.

Heart Rhythm Disorder: In this disorder, the heart beats too slowly or too fast. This problem occurs due to obstruction in the blood flow. There are different types of heart rhythm disorders. But, this disorder is considered as an indicator for heart attack. Chest pain, lightheadedness, dizziness, blurred vision, restlessness are the main symptoms of this disorder.

Heart Valve Disease: Human heart has 4 valves. They work together to keep the blood pumping properly. Heart valve disease appears to be a defect in one or all of these valves. Due to narrowing of these valves i.e. stenosis, leakage, improper closing, their functioning is hindered. If there is a defect in the functioning of the valves, the symptoms are fatigue, difficulty in breathing, irregular heartbeat, swelling of the feet and ankles, chest pain, and vision problems. Also Read –Mild Heart Attack: When does a heart attack occur? These are the symptoms of a mild heart attack

Disease Of Heart Muscle (Disease Of Heart Muscle): Disease of heart muscle is also called as Cardiomyopathy. This disorder occurs when the heart muscle is damaged or the blood supply to the muscle is obstructed. Common symptoms of this disorder include shortness of breath while doing any work or at rest, swelling of the legs, fatigue, irregular heart beat, and dizziness.

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Heart Infection: Endocarditis is an infection that affects the inner lining of the heart chambers, the heart valves. Common symptoms of heart infection include fever, difficulty breathing, fatigue or weakness, swelling of the legs and abdomen, changes in heart rate, dry cough, and skin ulcers.

Congenital Heart Defect: This is also considered a form of heart disease. If there is a defect in the heart at birth, it starts to be felt after birth. Symptoms in infants with this disorder include pale gray or blue skin, swelling under the eyes, legs, and abdomen, difficulty breathing while breastfeeding or feeding, and weight loss. If the disorder is mild, some symptoms may appear in childhood or adolescence. Any type of heart attack is serious and life-threatening. Therefore, if any symptom is seen in this regard, it is necessary to take urgent medical advice and treatment.

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