When you think of treating a disease or health issue, odds are your mind jumps to medications and lifestyle changes. But there’s also biofeedback.

Biofeedback is a method of gathering information about physiological functions in the body, so you can learn how to harness those changes to improve health and performance, according to the Association for Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback. It’s used by doctors, physical therapists, psychologists, and other healthcare professionals to manage and treat various health issues, such as urinary incontinence, anxiety, and chronic pain.

“Basically, biofeedback is any feedback that the patient receives about their body in the moment to help them figure out what their body is doing, so they can improve coordination and awareness,” says Nora Arnold, DPT, a physical therapist with the Johns Hopkins Rehabilitation Network who specializes in pelvic health.

There are many ways to receive biofeedback. A practitioner may attach sensors to your scalp to monitor brain activity, your abdomen or chest to monitor your breathing patterns or heart rate, or any number of other places on your body, per the Mayo Clinic.

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