A panic attack shares some similarities with an asthma attack but is a very different condition. It's an intense bout of anxiety that comes on quickly and often without warning (via Healthline). It doesn't come with wheezing or coughing but can cause hyperventilation, dizziness, increased heart rate, and feeling as if you're losing control.
It can feel hard to tell the difference between an asthma attack and a panic attack since the two share some similarities. They can both cause tightness in the chest and trouble breathing. It's possible for an asthma attack to be fatal, however, you cannot die from a panic attack, according to MedicalNewsToday.
To make things more confusing, strong emotions like stress can actually trigger asthma symptoms (via MedlinePlus). According to a 2004 study published in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, those with asthma are four times more likely to experience frequent panic attacks. This is partially because it can be hard to tell the difference when an asthma attack comes on.
Working with your doctor to have plans in place to both prevent and treat asthma attacks and panic attacks can help mitigate your risk.