Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is a frequent medical condition with potentially disastrous outcomes. Millions of people around the world are afflicted by this condition, which raises the danger of cardiovascular disease and stroke. It is crucial to know the signs of hypertension and the different blood pressure ranges in order to prevent the disease and keep it under control once it has occurred. To help you keep this silent killer under control, this article draws on data from healthline to teach you the warning symptoms of hypertension and the various ways to categorize blood pressure.
Signs and Symptoms of Hypertension
This is why hypertension is sometimes referred to as the "silent killer" because it causes no obvious symptoms. However, there are other less obvious warning signs of high blood pressure that you should be aware of. Some warning signs include:
Despite the fact that headaches are extremely prevalent, they can be an early indicator of excessive blood pressure. If you suffer morning headaches that you can't seem to nail down, check your blood pressure.
One of the most common reasons people go blind is a condition called hypertensive retinopathy, which is caused by damage to the blood vessels of the retina. This may result in sudden blurring or other alterations in your eyesight. If your eyesight starts acting strange, you should consult a doctor immediately.
The third symptom of high blood pressure is feeling faint or dizzy, especially when standing up. If these symptoms persist, it's time to check your blood pressure.
Dyspnea 4 Dyspnea is a symptom that can arise from the stress that high blood pressure places on the heart, decreasing its effectiveness. This can make it hard to breathe, especially if you're trying to exert yourself physically. If you are constantly short of breath, even when doing mundane activities, you may have hypertension.
High blood pressure can cause symptoms including heaviness or pounding in the chest, neck, or ears. Pulsatile tinnitus, which is caused by increased pressure in the arteries, may be the result of hypertension.
Sixth, your body is giving you the shaky, exhausted feeling for no apparent cause, which may be a sign of high blood pressure. If hypertension disrupts blood flow and oxygen supply to the tissues, the affected individuals may experience feelings of exhaustion and weakness even in the absence of any obvious physical exertion.
The Different Types of High Blood Pressure
Systolic pressure, the higher number, represents the force of the blood against the artery walls during a cardiac contraction; diastolic pressure, the lower number, represents the pressure when the heart is at rest between beats. The American Heart Association established these norms for a healthy blood pressure reading.
Normal blood pressure has a systolic reading of less than 120 mm Hg and a diastolic reading of less than 80 mm Hg. The risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke is lower in those who fall within this range.
Second, hypertension is diagnosed when systolic blood pressure is greater than 120 and diastolic blood pressure is less than 80 mm Hg. While this classification does not indicate hypertension per se, it does indicate a higher chance of developing hypertension in the future.
Diastolic blood pressure between 80 and 89 mm Hg and systolic blood pressure between 130 and 139 mm Hg are diagnostic of stage 1 hypertension. Changes in diet and exercise routine are recommended to lower blood pressure at this stage.
When both the systolic and diastolic blood pressures are 90 mm Hg or greater, a diagnosis of stage 2 hypertension can be made. At this point, hypertension control typically requires a combination of lifestyle changes and medication.
A hypertensive crisis occurs when blood pressure suddenly increases above 180/120 mm Hg. There is an urgent need to respond to this medical emergency. A hypertensive crisis can cause severe symptoms such as headaches, chest pain, breathing problems, and nosebleeds.
Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is a common medical condition that can have dire effects if it is not managed. Although high blood pressure seldom manifests itself clinically, it is curable if detected in its early stages. Those who are overweight, don't get much exercise, or come from a hypertension-prone family should have their blood pressure monitored frequently. Knowing the different categories of blood pressure range can help individuals take preventative actions against getting hypertension and effectively manage the illness.
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