How to Prevent Obesity in Kids and Adults – When a person is obese, they either have an unhealthy quantity of fat cells or an improper distribution of it. The joints and organs are strained by excess body fat.
Additionally, it alters the body’s metabolism and hormones in intricate ways, increasing inflammation.
A BMI of Thirty or higher is considered obese. Using an online calculator, you can determine your BMI. Your weight and height are all that is required.
Obesity is a risk factor, but it does not guarantee that you will experience the following health issues. However, it does raise your risk of getting a few of them.
When the blood sugar is greater than usual, type 2 diabetes develops. Other health concerns including heart problems, nerve damage, stroke, renal disease, and visual difficulties may develop as a result over time.
If you are obese, decreasing merely 5 to 7 percent of your weight and engaging in regular, daily exercise may be able to postpone or prevent type 2 diabetes from developing.
The arteries that carry blood to the heart may develop fatty deposits over time. Obese people have blood pressure, reduced lipoprotein, triglycerides, and sugar levels that are over normal, all of which are risk factors for heart disease.
A heart attack may result from arteries that narrow. Strokes can occur as a result of blood clots in small arteries.
When the brain’s blood flow is interrupted, strokes happen. A stroke can harm brain cells and lead to a variety of problems, such as changes in thinking and reasoning ability, weakness in the muscles, and impairment of speech and language.
Obesity raised the stroke risk by 64%, according to an evaluation of 25 research studies involving over 2.3 million participants. A person with sleep apnea may briefly cease breathing while they are asleep.
People who are obese and overweight are more likely to develop sleep apnea. They often have more fat accumulated around the neck, which causes the airway to narrow. Snoring and trouble breathing at night may result from a smaller airway.
The quantity of fat within the neck can be reduced and the danger of sleep problems can be reduced with weight loss.
The body’s extra fat tissue needs additional nutrition and oxygen. More blood will need to be pumped via your blood arteries to increase fat tissue.
Your arteries’ walls are under more pressure because of the increased blood flow. High blood pressure, or hypertension, is the name for this additional pressure. Your brain and arteries might get damaged over time by excessive blood pressure.
A liver condition known called fatty liver or non-alcohol steatohepatitis can develop in obese people.
When too much fat accumulates in the liver, this occurs. The extra fat can harm the liver or result in cirrhosis, which is the growth of scar tissue.
Although fatty liver disease typically doesn’t show any symptoms, it can eventually cause liver failure. The condition cannot be cured or managed other than by dieting, exercising, and abstaining from alcohol.
Bile is a material that is stored in the gallbladder and moved to the small bowel after digestion. Your bile aids with fat digestion.
Gallstones are more likely to form if you are obese. Bile builds up and solidifies in the gallbladder, resulting in gallstones.
People who are obese may have bile that contains greater levels of cholesterol or big, inefficient gallbladders, both of which increase the risk of gallstones. Gallstones can cause discomfort and necessitate surgery.
A diet rich in fiber and good fats may aid in the prevention of gallstones. Refined grains, such as white rice, wheat, and pasta, should be avoided.
Cancer is a complex disease, therefore the link between obesity and cancer is less obvious than it is for conditions like stroke and heart disease. However, obesity can raise your chance of developing some cancers, such as uterine, cervical, endometrial, breast, colon, gallbladder, pancreas, kidney, and prostate cancer.
According to a report by a reliable source, obesity and being overweight were linked to about 28,000 new cancer cases in men & 72,000 in women in the States in 2012.
Insulin deficiency, increased blood sugar, and high blood pressure are more likely to occur in pregnant women who are overweight or obese. This may raise the possibility of difficulties with pregnancy and delivery, such as:
- Preeclampsia and gestational diabetes necessitating a cesarean birth (C-section)
- Following birth, blood clots cause greater bleeding than usual
- preterm delivery
- abnormalities in the brain and spinal cord caused by miscarriage and stillbirth
In one research, more than 60% of women who had a BMI of 40 or more at the time of conception experienced one of these problems.
To prevent the health hazards mentioned above, you may wish to start a weight management plan if you are obese or overweight and consider becoming a parent.
You may safely engage in physical exercise during pregnancy by speaking with your doctor about it.
Depression affects a lot of those who are obese. According to research, there is a direct link between obesity and serious depressive illness.
People who are obese may frequently encounter prejudice based on their physical appearance. This may eventually cause you to feel depressed or unworthy of happiness.
Many advocacy groups are working to end discrimination related to body size today. Opportunities to participate in the struggle against this prejudice are offered by several groups.
Ask your physician for a recommendation to either a mental health professional if you are obese and exhibiting signs of depression. They can recommend a great alternative to anti-obesity medication.
You may lessen your risk for some of these illnesses, such as heart and type 2 diabetes, by losing such little as 5% of your body weight.
You may lose weight gradually over time with the aid of a mix of food and exercise. There’s no need to drastically alter your way of life. Consistency and continuing to make healthy decisions are crucial.
Aim for 150 minutes or more per week of mild aerobic activity for exercise. This might involve taking a brisk stroll; simply 30 minutes of daily walking can help you reach this objective. After you get the feel of it, consider increasing your weekly exercise time to 300 minutes.
Additionally, make an effort to incorporate at least twice weekly strengthening exercises like situps and pushups into your program.
Among the strategies for eating well are:
- Your plate should be half veggies.
- Whole grains including whole grain bread, and brown rice, with oatmeal should be substituted with unrefined grains like white bread, portions of pasta, and rice.
- Consume lean proteins such as soy, beans, lean fish, and lean meat.
- Reduce your intake of fried meals, quick food, and sweet snacks.
- Skip the booze.
Find out from your physician if you would be a suitable candidate for weight-loss surgery or prescription drugs.
The above lifestyle modifications must be committed in order to see results from these therapies, which can speed up weight loss.
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