‘Adopting healthy lifestyle crucial to preventing PIH-preeclampsia’

Can PIH (pregnancyinduced hypertension) preeclampsia be prevented?
Apart from Aspirin in select high-risk patients, lifestyle changes also reduce the risk of PIH-preeclampsia.
Regular prenatal care:
Attending prenatal visits allows healthcare providers to monitor blood pressure levels and identify any signs of developing hypertension. Following the recommended schedule of prenatal visits helps ensure timely intervention if needed.

Healthy lifestyle: Adopting a healthy lifestyle is crucial for preventing PIH-preeclampsia. This includes:
• Eating a well-balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and low-fat dairy products can support overall health and help maintain blood pressure within a normal range.
• Limiting sodium intake can be beneficial in preventing hypertension. Avoiding processed and packaged foods, which are often high in sodium, and opting for fresh, homemade meals can help reduce sodium consumption.
• Engaging in safe and moderate exercise during pregnancy, as advised by healthcare professionals, can help regulate blood pressure. Activities like walking, swimming, and prenatal yoga can contribute to overall fitness and stress reduction.
• Maintaining a healthy weight before and during pregnancy is essential. Excessive weight gain during pregnancy can increase the risk of hypertension.
• Chronic stress can contribute to high blood pressure. Implementing stress management techniques such as relaxation exercises, meditation, deep breathing, and engaging in activities that promote well-being can be beneficial. Support from family, friends, and healthcare professionals is crucial in managing stress during pregnancy.
• Smoking and alcohol consumption during pregnancy can increase the risk of PIHpreeclampsia.
• If a pregnant woman has underlying medical conditions that require medication, it is essential to work closely with healthcare providers to ensure that the medications are safe during pregnancy and well-managed. Certain medications may need to be adjusted or changed to minimise the risk of developing hypertension.

How is PIH-preeclampsia diagnosed?
PIH is diagnosed through regular blood pressure monitoring during prenatal visits. A persistent elevation in blood pressure (systolic pressure above 140 mmHg or diastolic pressure above 90 mmHg) on at least two occasions, six hours apart, after 20 weeks of gestation indicates the presence of hypertension. Other tests, such as urine analysis for proteinuria (excess protein in the urine), may be conducted to determine the severity of the condition.

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