Artificial intelligence (AI) is revolutionizing medicine by improving the accuracy of diagnoses. A new implementation of AI is now aiding in the diagnosis of blood clots in the lungs, known as pulmonary embolisms or emboli. When a person arrives at the emergency room with symptoms suggestive of a pulmonary embolism, they typically undergo a CT scan. This scan uses dye to highlight the blood vessels in the lungs and produces an image.

The use of AI comes into play during the evaluation of the CT scan. The image is immediately sent to the cloud, where it is analyzed by artificial intelligence algorithms. If a pulmonary embolism is identified, the attending medical team is alerted through an app. The team can then review the scan results, along with the patient’s vital signs and lab data, to determine the severity of the condition.

Prompt treatment is crucial in cases of pulmonary embolism. With the help of AI, medical professionals can initiate treatment promptly by administering medication or performing a procedure to remove the clot. This early intervention can significantly improve patient outcomes.

The early warning signs of a pulmonary embolism include sudden shortness of breath, chest pain that worsens with breathing (resembling a heart attack), dizziness or fainting due to a drop in blood pressure, and coughing up blood. If any of these symptoms are present, immediate medical attention should be sought.

Artificial intelligence has proved to be a game-changer in the field of medicine. Its ability to analyze medical imaging and provide real-time alerts allows for faster and more accurate diagnosis of conditions such as pulmonary embolisms. With AI’s assistance, healthcare professionals can save lives by initiating timely interventions.

Sources:
– Dr. Christopher Hayner, TriHealth critical care physician and pulmonologist

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