Representational image (Photo credit: Getty images)
While the influenza A subtype H3N2 virus is the most common in India, cases of swine flu or the H1N1 viral infection are on the rise.
Table of Contents
- Swine flu is caused by a virus H1N1 which spreads from one person to the next.
- Swine flu H1N1 virus is a human respiratory infection.
- Most healthy persons who have swine flu, do not require any specific medications or therapies, as per reports.
While the influenza A subtype H3N2 virus is the most common in India, cases of swine flu or the H1N1 viral infection are on the rise. By March, there were prevalent cases of the illness in cities such as Delhi. Seeing the spike in instances, health professionals have now recommended individuals take safeguards regarding their health.
Indeed, according to recently released data from the Union Health Ministry, swine flu or H1N1 virus cases are rapidly increasing across the country. In such a circumstance, the central government has asked people to be cautious, such as wearing masks when going out, washing their hands frequently, and getting the flu vaccine once a year.
What is Swine Flu?
According to Cleveland Clinic, Swine flu (H1N1) is an infection caused by a type of flu (influenza) virus. It’s called swine flu because the virus is similar to one that affects pigs. The virus leads to respiratory illness in pigs. Swine flu (H1N1) is a human respiratory infection.
Swine flu is caused by a virus (H1N1). It spreads from one person to the next. When a person coughs or sneezes, droplets go into the air. You can get the infection when you breathe in (inhale) the virus. You can also get the infection when you touch a contaminated surface and then touch your mouth, nose, or eyes.
The symptoms of swine flu (H1N1) are similar to the symptoms of regular flu. The symptoms may start three to five days after coming into contact with the virus. Symptoms may include- Fever, Chills, Cough, Throat ache, Body or muscular pains, headache, or fatigue.
Symptoms in newborns and children may be varied. If your baby or child exhibits any of the following symptoms, contact their doctor right away:
- Breathing difficulties.
- Difficulty waking up.
- Drinking insufficient fluids.
- Fever with a rash.
According to a report published in National Library Of Medicine, swine flu is very contagious and is easily spread from humans after contact with pigs. The infection rapidly leads to moderate to severe symptoms and deaths are not rare. The key is to prevent the infection in the first place.
Treatment for Swine Flu
Most healthy persons who have swine flu (H1N1) do not require any specific medications or therapies. If you have swine flu, you should:
- Get enough rest.
- Consume plenty of fluids.
- Consume a light diet.
- Remain at home.
- To lower temperature and treat aches and pains, take acetaminophen.