The fentanyl problem has gone global. The United States is the country that suffers the mostA wave of overdose deaths ensued and hundreds of people were roaming the streets as if they were victims of the zombie effect.

In fact, The most notable recent death is that of actor Robert De Niro’s grandson., All these facts lead to UN to declare fentanyl the world’s deadliest drug, A problem that has given rise to cooperation between countries. This week, Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador welcomed a US delegation led by US National Security Advisor Elizabeth Sherwood-Randall. The Fentanyl crisis was tackled in the meeting as it shakes both the sectors.

Fentanyl is a potent synthetic opioid analgesic commonly used for the relief of severe pain. Such as post-operative pain or pain associated with cancer. However, fentanyl also has a high potential for abuse and can be dangerous if not used properly. These are its effects, from most common and with prescribed dosages, to most dangerous:

  • Pain Relief: Fentanyl is very effective in relieving acute or chronic pain. It acts on opioid receptors in the brain and spinal cord to reduce the sensation of pain.

  • Enthusiasm and Well-being: Like many other opioids, fentanyl can cause euphoria and a feeling of well-being. These effects may be attractive to some people and may increase the risk of abuse.

  • Depression of the central nervous system: Fentanyl depresses the central nervous system, which can cause drowsiness, decreased breathing and heart rate, and muscle relaxation.

  • constipation: Opioids, including fentanyl, can cause severe constipation by reducing intestinal motility.

  • nausea and vomiting: Some people experience nausea and vomiting as side effects of fentanyl.

  • Tolerance and Dependence: With continued use, the body can develop a tolerance to fentanyl, meaning that increasing doses are needed to achieve the same effect. There is also a risk of developing physical and psychological dependence on fentanyl.

  • Overdose: An overdose of fentanyl can be fatal. Excessive doses can cause severe respiratory depression, which can lead to oxygen depletion in the body and death.

  • Risk of misuse: Given its high potential for abuse, fentanyl is a controlled substance in many jurisdictions. Abuse, such as non-therapeutic intravenous administration or combination with other substances, increases the risk of serious adverse effects and overdose.

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