In the coming days, according to forecasts, temperatures up to +40-+42 degrees Celsius are expected in Armenia, as well as an intensity of ultraviolet radiation above the norm.
In such weather conditions, doctors advise as follows to avoid sunburn or heat stroke:
- avoid being outside during hot hours
- avoid direct sunlight
- drink plenty of fluids
- if you must go out, wear a hat or hold an umbrella
Sunburn is caused by the direct impact of the sunrays on the human head. Even a hat may not save you when you are under the scorching sun for a long time. In case of sunburn, the brain is first affected, and 25-30% of such cases end in death due to lack of timely medical assistance.
Symptoms of sunburn are:
- blood pressure and shortness of breath
- heavy sweating
- ringing in the ears
- reddening of the skin
Why is heat stroke dangerous?
Heat stroke is the same as overheating, when the body is unable to fight against prolonged exposure to high temperatures. The effect of infrared radiation forces the brain to release active substances that cause vasodilation. This leads to blood stasis and swelling, and can also cause bleeding.
In case of prolonged exposure to direct sunlight, the body temperature can rise to 40 degrees Celsius, which is accompanied by loss of consciousness and seizures. The scorching sun is dangerous not only because of the risk of heat stroke, but it can also cause allergies.
First aid in case of heat stroke
Incorrect first aid can only aggravate the consequences heat stroke, and therefore it is important to know how to act to help a person suffering from heat stroke.
For first aid:
- The person should be laid down in a shady place, and with legs slightly raised
- It is mandatory to give the person plenty of drinks (water, weakly sweet tea, mineral water)
- You can put a cold compress on the head
- If the person does not recover, call an ambulance
What cannot be done in case of heat stroke?
- Do not immediately submerge the person in cold water, as this may cause reflex cardiac arrest. Cooling should be gradual, and without sudden temperature changes
- The use of ice for cooling is not recommended. Its effect can cause a burn of overheated tissues
- It is forbidden to drink strong tea, coffee or alcohol; smoking will also only worsen the condition
- The person cannot be moved to a stuffy area from the street. It is necessary to open the windows and doors, and turn on the fan or air conditioner.
The person should not refuse medical help, hoping that the symptoms will disappear on their own. One of the most serious consequences of heat stroke is low blood pressure and respiratory complications. All this develops quickly enough if first aid is not provided.
Stay informed and protected!