The metaphorical division between “larks” and “owls” used by experts to distinguish people who are most active during the day from those who are most active at night It has updated. Due to new studies, they add to the categorization of patterns of sleep and the energy four animal figures: bear, lion, dolphin and wolf.
Michael Breus, a sleep psychologist and member of the American Academy of Sleep Medicineconsider that the key to to rest well it is in knowing what kind of pattern each person has to better adapt to it. It would be a way of take advantage of the hours of the day and get other benefits, such as:
- Improve mood.
- Be more creative.
- Solve problems better.
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“Our body is a set of rhythms related to blood pressure, breathing, menstruation in women, etc. We have to imagine our body as if it were an orchestra in which each rhythm plays an instrument; all must be coordinated so that there is a harmony and, therefore, we must learn to adapt and respect the personal score”, exemplifies Francisco Segarra, an expert in sleep medicine.
The characteristics that define “bears”, “lions”, “dolphins” and “wolves”
- The Bears They represent more than half of the population. follow the solar cycle: They are activated by the sun and are deactivated at night. “It is the most usual pattern, the one that should sleep from eleven or twelve at night until seven or eight in the morning,” says Dr. Álex Ferré, a specialist in sleep disorders. The doctor suggests taking advantage of the hours of greatest neuronal activity to face the most crucial tasks; from 10:00 to 12:00 noon should be the key point of the day.
- The Lions They are born early risers. The king of the jungle takes advantage of the moment when his prey are still asleep to go out on the prowl and look for his breakfast. His pattern is related to those people who, as soon as they open their eyes, receive a torrent of energy that prepares them to face any activity with high resolution power. “They work furiously in the morning, leave after noon and are in bed just as the wolves are coming out to play,” describes Australian sleep expert Olivia Arezzolo.
- The Dolphins they sleep with half their brains awake to stay alert to possible dangers. For Breus, people who fall into this category are those who are very light sleepers, who wake up at the slightest noise and they may even have insomnia problems. Arezzolo says they make up 10 percent of the population.
- The Wolves They are one of those who turn off the alarm clock over and over again. They represent an evening chronotype, they find it difficult to keep a traditional office schedule, since they experience the peak of activity between 4:00 p.m. and 6:00 p.m. Between 9:00 p.m. and 11:00 p.m. they present their best mood.