The air quality index of Bhopal, Indore, Gwalior and Jabalpur was moderate which means breathing discomfort to the people with lungs, asthma and heart diseases.
Jabalpur was the most polluted city followed by Indore and Bhopal. The pollution levels when compared to last year was more in Bhopal, Jabalpur and Gwalior while in Indore it was almost at similar levels. Air quality is measured taking into account the levels of sulphur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen oxide (Nox), RSPM10 and fine particulate matter (PM2.5) in the air. While the rise in sulphur dioxide is due to vehicle emissions, the increase in nitrogen oxide is due to human activity, including vehicles and sewage, among others. PM 10 is due to dust, construction, including building of roads while PM2.5 is due to dust, human activity and climatic conditions. Of the four, officials said, PM2.5 is the most harmful to health since it causes severe lung diseases.
Air quality index between 0 and 50 is termed as good with minimal possible health impacts while air quality between 51 and 100 is satisfactory but may lead to minor breathing discomfort to sensitive people. Air quality above 100 is moderate and leads to breathing discomfort to the people with lungs, asthma and heart diseases. AQI above 200 leads to breathing discomfort to most people on prolonged exposure. Officials said the air quality remained best during the corona restrictions when the AQI of major MP cities was around 50.