ach year, one in four people in England will experience a mental-health problem, with one in six reporting a common mental-health issue, like anxiety or depression, in a given week.

According to Census data, In 2021, there were 5,583 suicides registered in England and Wales, equivalent to a rate of 10.7 deaths per 100,000 people, according to the Office for National Statistics.

Suicidal ideation and self-harm are not mental-health diagnoses in themselves, but they are related to mental health, with one in five people having suicidal thoughts over their lifetime.

World Suicide Prevention Day is on September 10 this year and aims to reduce the number of people dying in this way to raise awareness of how suicides can be prevented.

Here we look at World Suicide Prevention Day, and what support is available for people who are struggling.

Suicide is the single biggest killer of men under the age of 45 in the country

/ Gareth Fuller/PA Wire

What is World Suicide Prevention Day?

World Suicide Prevention Day aims to increase understanding of the mindset of people who may be considering taking their own lives.

Charities, like the International Association for Suicide Prevention (IASP) and Samaritans, are campaigning for people to recognise steps they can take to help prevent suicides.

The IASP say these steps include community support – friends and family of people reaching out to those who are at risk to "counter the isolation" they may feel – responsible media portrayals to "help people see how others have managed", local education to build awareness of the factors that can lead to suicide, and "restricting the means of suicide" at "critical moments".

Loneliness can have a profound impact on mental health

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The organisation said in a statement: “Every 40 seconds, someone takes their life; that’s almost 800,000 people a year around the world, with over 75 per cent of suicides occurring in low- and-middle-income countries.

“For each suicide, approximately 135 people suffer intense grief or are otherwise affected, resulting in 108 million people annually being profoundly impacted by suicidal behaviours.

“For every suicide, an estimated 25 people make a suicide attempt and many more have serious thoughts of suicide.”

When is it?

People are still suffering from anxiety and depression due to Covid

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The IASP said: “We can all play a role, from reaching out to a friend or family member, to ensuring mental health and suicide prevention are included within universal health-coverage efforts, or by lobbying governments to undertake suicide-prevention efforts and develop national suicide-prevention strategies.

"As we adapt to a world altered by COVID-19, the message... becomes more pertinent as levels of isolation, distress, and anxiety increase. Connections with others are vital in ensuring all individuals’ mental health and wellbeing."

What support is available?

You can contact Samaritans day or night, 365 days a year.

You can call them for free on 116 123, or visit www.samaritans.org to find your nearest branch.

The Samaritans Self-Help app is free to download at selfhelp.samaritans.org

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