Grozinger M, Dragicevic A, Hiemke C, Shams M, Muller MJ, Hartter S
Melperone is an inhibitor of the CYP2D6 catalyzed O-demethylation of venlafaxine.
Pharmacopsychiatry. 2003 Jan;36(1):3-6. doi: 10.1055/s-2003-38084.
INTRODUCTION: Melperone, a butyrophenone neuroleptic, is frequently used for its sleep-inducing properties. Despite its common use for more than 30 years, it is not yet characterized regarding its effects on cytochrome P450 s (CYPs). In an open pilot study, effects of melperone on the steady-state blood levels of venlafaxine, a recently introduced serotonin- and noradrenaline reuptake inhibiting antidepressant, were assessed. METHODS: The dose-corrected serum concentrations of venlafaxine and O-desmethylvenlafaxine were analyzed retrospectively in a therapeutic drug-monitoring (TDM) database comprising 94 patients. In addition, three patients received venlafaxine and melperone concomitantly and the serum concentrations of venlafaxine and O-desmethylvenlafaxine were analyzed before, during, and after melperone co-medication. The effect of melperone on CYP2D6 was further assessed in seven patients by means of the dextromethorphan O-demethylation, which serves as a CYP2D6 probe reaction. RESULTS: Patients treated concomitantly with venlafaxine and melperone had significantly higher (mean +/- SD) venlafaxine (3.27 +/- 2.9 vs. 0.97 +/- 0.99 ng/ml per mg/d; p