In recent times, Spanish hospitals have introduced an i. have reportedincrease in dengue cases Incoming, mostly, travelers from Cuba, where the Cuban Ministry of Public Health (MINSAP) last Wednesday reported the detection of 11,634 reactive cases of dengue in a week.

The data presented by the Spanish Autonomous Communities is not yet definitive, as more cases can be counted, but it has been observed that two-thirds diagnosis The summer positives in our country come from Caribbean islands. However, Catalonia, Canary Islands, Murcia and Castilla-La Mancha have not notified any data yet.

According to the data presented by the weekly epidemiological report community of madridTill the 34th week of the year – from August 23 to August 29 of the same month – there are 11 positive cases of dengue in the capital. No case was reported last year. Most of those infected had traveled to Cuba in recent weeks.

have dengue infectious disease which is transmitted by the DENV virus, and which can be transmitted by a mosquito of the species Egyptian temple, which has developed a rare immunity to insecticides. It can transmit not only dengue, but also yellow fever or Zika.

However, it is not only spread by the Aedes mosquito. Most of the cases in Spain are from people who have traveled to places where disease is endemicBut in our country there have been reasons for the spontaneous matter tiger mosquitowhich is increasingly present mainly in autonomous communities in the Mediterranean, Andalusia, Madrid, Extremadura, the Basque Country and Aragon.

symptoms of dengue

Although 80% of people have this disease mild symptoms And even asymptomatic, there are cases in which it is complicated and can be severe.

mild symptoms

  • Severe headache
  • high fever
  • dollar muscular
  • joint pain
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • swelling of lymph nodes
  • Skin rash in the form of red dots

second day of Symptoms Important, as it determines whether the infection develops favorably or, conversely, worsens.

severe symptoms

  • severe abdominal pain
  • Vomiting with presence of blood
  • blood in urine and stool
  • heavy breathing
  • bleeding gums or nose
  • Hepatomegaly (enlarged liver)
  • fatigue

Although medicine is evolving, there is no cure To combat the disease, only to alleviate the symptoms. If the symptoms become complicated, you should go to the hospital.

Dengue can be avoided. Have a vaccine since 2015, Dengvaxia, It is approved in 20 countries and can be vaccinated by people between the ages of nine and 45. Like the coronavirus, this vaccine does not prevent infection, but rather eases symptoms.

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