As of May 25, 2008, Today is the new edition of World Thyroid Day, the purpose of which is to increase public awareness about thyroid diseases and the importance of diagnosis, treatment and prevention.

World Health Organization (WHO) that approximately 750 million people have the joint disorder, although a 60 percent he does not know

Table of Contents

What is common?

Thyroid is a gland placed in front of the neck in the shape of a butterfly. It produces hormones that the body uses as energy. These hormones affect almost every organ in the body and regulate many of its main functions. For example, they affect breathing, heart rate, weight, digestion and mood.


What you feel when you have thyroid problems depends on whether you have thyroid hypoactive or hyperactive

Symptoms of hypothyroidism (hypothyroidism) include the following:

  • fatigue (boredom)
  • Weight gain
  • Dry skin and hair
  • cold feeling
  • Mood changes, such as being sad, depressed, or less interested in life than usual
  • Pains
  • trouble sleeping

Symptoms of hypothyroidism (hyperthyroidism) include the following:

  • Weight loss
  • chest paina fast heart rate, or an irregular heartbeat
  • stomach cramps
  • Flow
  • Feeling hot and sweaty
  • swollen eyes
  • tumor or tenderness in the neck
  • tremors or trembling


Treatment for your thyroid problems depends on whether you have an underactive or underactive thyroid;

Thyroid underactive (hypothyroidism). The treatment for hypothyroidism is an artificial thyroid hormone medication, given in a tablet that you must swallow. Take the tablet together every day. You should have this plan every day for the rest of your life.

Sometimes low thyroid function can improve after radiation therapy. If so, stop taking the medication when the thyroid gland starts working well again.

Thyroid stimulated (hyperthyroidism). Treatment for high thyroid levels involves medication. If you have a thyroid nodule or noncancerous thyroid cancer, your treatment options are surgery or radioactive iodine treatment. The treatment destroys the thyroid tissue so that it cannot make hormones.

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