Table of Contents
What is heat stroke?
Heatstroke occurs when the body’s temperature regulation mechanism is not able to cope with excessive heat. Due to excessive heat, our body gets dehydrated, due to which this mechanism does not work properly. In such a condition, the body temperature rises rapidly, the organs of the body begin to dysfunction. Sometimes life becomes a threat.
How does heat affect the body?
Suranjit Chatterjee, senior doctor at Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, Delhi, explains that we all feel tired after stepping out on a very hot day. This is called heat exhaustion, which occurs when the body sweats excessively. ‘This is why we recommend people stay well hydrated on hot days,’ he added. However, people with heat exhaustion are not likely to die. However, the condition of people suffering from heat stroke is worrying.
What are the symptoms of heat stroke?
There are some symptoms of heat stroke, if someone sees these symptoms, he should immediately contact a doctor. The most common symptom of heat stroke is body temperature exceeding 40 degrees. Apart from this, feeling dizzy and irritable again and again. Increased heart rate and difficulty in breathing. Feeling of pain and weakness in the bones.
What to do to avoid heat stroke?
To avoid heat stroke, it is better not to step out in direct sunlight, especially between noon and 3 pm. If you have to go out, make sure you keep drinking water even if you are not thirsty. Consume other hydrating fluids like lassi, lemon water, buttermilk or ORS which can maintain the electrolyte level. Do not consume alcohol, tea, coffee and carbonated soft drinks. Wear light colored cotton clothes and use glasses, umbrellas and shoes. An advisory by the National Disaster Management Authority said that people should try to keep their homes cool by using curtains or shades and keep body temperature low by using damp cloth or frequent cold showers.