AS PART of its continuing commitment to raising safety standards across the material handling sector, the UK Material Handling Association (UKMHA) - the UK trade association for manufacturers, truck users and suppliers of forklift trucks and associated components and services – is once again championing the cause of National Forklift Safety Day.
Each year, the campaign, which this year takes place on 14 June, highlights a different safety issue, with the topic for 2022 being Operator Training and Supervision. The intention is to reduce the number of workplace accidents in which people are killed or seriously injured after being struck by a moving vehicle.
According to Health & Safety Executive figures1, ‘Struck by a moving vehicle’ was the second most common cause of workplace fatality in 2020/21, accounting for 25 deaths – 18% of the total number of workplace fatalities across the year. The data does not break down the type of vehicles involved, but each year there are fatalities and serious injuries involving forklift trucks, accidents which in some instances could have been avoided if staff had been properly trained and adhered to safe systems of work.
David Goss, technical director at UKMHA said, “Nobody should operate a forklift truck, even on a very occasional basis, if they have not received the appropriate training. Employers are required to provide training for all lift-truck operators they employ, and to ensure that anyone operating workplace transport on their sites is fully competent.”
The law is clear on the issue. Employers have a general duty under Section 2 of the Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974 and under The Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 to provide information, instruction, training, and supervision to ensure the health and safety of their employees.
Also, Regulation 9 of The Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998 (PUWER), requires employers to ensure that all persons who use work equipment (including forklift trucks) have received adequate training for purposes of health and safety, including training in the methods which may be adopted when using the work equipment, any risks which such use may entail, and precautions to be taken.
Sites operating forklift trucks, or other lifting equipment, are required to comply with The Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations 1998 (LOLER). This requires lifting operations to be planned and supervised by suitably competent persons. For many day-to-day operations, the operator may plan the lift, therefore, they should have the appropriate training, knowledge and expertise before carrying out the task. For unusual and complex tasks or situations, specific risk assessments and planning are likely to be required.
“Failing to adhere to Health & Safety regulations can land employers in serious trouble, often resulting in heavy fines and criminal convictions should an incident result in a serious accident or a fatality,” added Mr Goss.
“Employers have a duty of care to their staff to ensure they are properly trained for the tasks they are expected to carry out during the course of their work. Due to the nature of work, lifting requirements evolve over time, therefore, ongoing and refresher training should be provided to ensure members of staff are always fully versed in the requirements of their role.”
The advice of the UKMHA is that employers should always use accredited providers to deliver the necessary forklift training. There are a number of organisations which provide accreditation for lift-truck training schemes, and they are represented by Accrediting Bodies Association for Workplace Transport (ABA). Details can be found by visiting www.abawt.co.uk.
This year’s National Forklift Safety Day campaign is being delivered online and UKMHA is urging the entire material handing sector to support the move as part of its ongoing drive to improve safety standards across the industry.
Full details of the campaign can be found by visiting the National Forklift Safety Day website - www.nationalforkliftsafetyday.co.uk/get-involved – where a new eBook – Operator Training - specially prepared for this year’s campaign is freely available to download. The book contains a wealth of information about operator training, including legal requirements and an Approved Code of Practice. NFSD will be supported by a full social media campaign which people can follow on LinkedIn, Twitter and Facebook, and post their own stories using #NationalForkliftSafetyDay
For more information on UKMHA, visit www.ukmha.org.uk