Because the virus presents similarly to other forms of respiratory illness, HMPV can be difficult to identify on one's own. Blood testing in healthcare settings is one of the only ways to know for sure, yet testing is often underutilized by doctors due to it being a lesser-known virus, reports CNN.

Because there is no antiviral treatment or vaccine specific to HMPV, exercising prevention is key to avoiding infection, per the CDC. Individuals should refrain from touching their eyes, mouth, and nose if their hands have not been washed with soap and water for 20 seconds or more. Because the virus can be spread through close personal contact, it's best to maintain distance from those who may be ill. This includes sharing potentially contaminated items, such as silverware. Those who may be infected should take care to shield their mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing. Such precautions are especially important during the spring and winter seasons when the virus tends to be most active.

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