Middle-aged people with respiratory problems such as asthma are three times as likely to suffer depression as they get older, compared with their peers free of such concerns, according to a study.
The findings have implications for NHS services because thousands of Covid-19 patients have been left with long-term breathing problems.
A team from King’s College London found that any combination of physical health problems increased a person’s chances of developing depression or anxiety.
People with three physical conditions had almost double the odds of developing depression later in life compared with those with one or no physical conditions, and the risk increased in line with the number of problems.
Dr Amy Ronaldson, lead author of the paper, said: “Our large-scale analysis has