Introduction:

Advanced non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NsqNSCLC) progressing at the induction of a first-line of platin-based chemotherapy is a subgroup of patients with poor prognosis and few second-line treatment options.


Materials and methods:

This single-stage phase II prospective multicenter open-label trial performed in platin-based refractory (i.e. progressing during induction phase of first-line platin-based chemotherapy) advanced NsqNSCLC assessed the efficacy of the nintedanib-docetaxel combination in second-line treatment. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS) rates at 12 weeks with a cut-off at 30% for ineffectiveness and 50% for minimal efficacy.


Results:

A total of 59 patients from 23 centers were included (mean age, 58.5 years; male gender, 73.6%; performance status 0-1, 100%; former/current smokers, 92.5%; adenocarcinoma, 92.5%, median platin-based first-line chemotherapy, 2). Nintedanib-docetaxel combination was administered for a median of 4 cycles. The rate of PFS at 12 weeks was 39.6% (95% CI, 28.2-56.8). Median PFS was 2.7 (95% CI, 1.4-4.1) months and one-year PFS was 11.8% (95% CI, 4.8-22.2). Median overall survival (OS) was 6.9 (95% CI, 4.3-8.2) months and 12-month OS was 32.1% (95% CI, 19.8-45.0); 18-month OS was 27.6% (95% CI, 16,1-40.4). Twenty-nine (53.7%) patients reported at least one serious treatment-related adverse events leading to permanent discontinuation of at least one study drug in 12 (22.2%) patients.


Conclusion:

The predefined minimal efficacy was not demonstrated. However, a number of NsqNSCLC patients refractory to first-line platin-based chemotherapy appeared to benefit from this combination.


Keywords:

Docetaxel; Nintedanib; Non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer; Second-line treatment; Single-stage phase II study.

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