(WTTW News)

Nearly 1.6 million Illinois residents have been vaccinated against COVID-19, according to the latest report. Illinois Public Health Service Vaccine Data..

However, vaccine myths and misconceptions are still widespread. This includes the presence of “breakthrough” infections. It is defined by IDPH as a COVID-19 infection that occurs 14 days after someone receives the final vaccine.

So far this year, 169 (2.4%) of the 6,930 COVID-19 deaths in the state have occurred among fully vaccinated Illinois and 650 fully vaccinated. Less than were hospitalized for coronavirus infection. State health data.

To look at it: Since the start of the pandemic, Illinois has reported 23,420 virus-related deaths and more than 1.4 million cases. State health authorities.

We asked to better understand the breakthrough case and address some vaccine myths. Dr. John SegretiHe is a hospital epidemiologist, medical director of infection control and prevention at Rush University Medical Center, and responds to the following statement:

1. The breakthrough case means that you will be infected with COVID-19 by either method.

Segreti: Vaccinated people are 85% to 95% less likely to get sick than unvaccinated people. If you are vaccinated and infected, you will not get as sick as an unvaccinated person and you are less likely to spread the infection to an unvaccinated person.

2.2. I am already infected with COVID-19, so I have innate immunity and do not need to be vaccinated.

Segreti: Maybe that’s true, but we don’t know yet. Whether you are vaccinated, and if you have a natural infection, if you do not react seriously to the vaccine, or if you react more to the vaccine I understand. The risk is very low and the advantage (of vaccination) is to ensure that the antibodies obtained from the natural infection are increased. It makes your immunity longer.

3. The vaccine is still under investigation.

Segreti: It is not a clinical trial. It’s not research. The vaccine has been approved by the FDA as an emergency use authorization, and the FDA would not have approved an emergency use authorization unless the vaccine was safe and effective. All three vaccines available in the United States meet these criteria.

4. The COVID-19 vaccine makes me sick.

Segreti: In our experience of immunizing more than 100,000 people literally, people can have mild symptoms and very few can have severe symptoms. Most cases (symptoms) are short-lived, 24 to 48 hours.

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5. I am young and healthy. You do not need to be vaccinated.

Segreti: The vast majority of young people do not go to the hospital or die, but there is certainly a percentage. But more importantly, not only the young people, but the others with whom they come into contact. If you give it to infected parents, grandparents, or someone who is immunosuppressed, they may die. Again, the purpose of vaccines is not only to protect individuals, but also to protect society, and sometimes people forget that they too have a social responsibility.

6. Vaccines affect my childbirth and make pregnancy difficult.

Segreti: There is no evidence or data that the vaccine affects male or female childbirth. In fact, infection with COVID-19 can affect childbirth, especially in men.

7. Vaccine development was too early. It’s not safe.

Segreti: In reality, this technology has been around for some time. mRNA technology has not previously been used in vaccines, but it has been used for some time. The reason the vaccine was developed so quickly was the need and the government and private sector spent a lot of time and money to ensure that it started.

The vaccine has undergone Phase 1 and Phase 2 trials and a very large Phase 3 trial, with tens of thousands of participants in studies evaluated for efficacy and safety. Vaccines have undergone the same rigorous process as other vaccines. The only difference was that the production was running much faster because (the company) was approved to start production of the dose before it was approved by the FDA.

8. The COVID-19 vaccine contains a microchip.

Segreti: This is clearly not true, and I don’t know how many times people can repeat it before people believe it isn’t true.

9. Vaccines change my DNA.

Segreti: That is not true. The mRNA vaccine does not enter the nucleus and does not bind to DNA. Vaccines do not change your DNA.

The interview was summarized and edited.

Contact Kristen Thometz: @kristenthometz | (773) 509-5452 | [email protected]

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