The proteins that take part in photosynthesis are in the
membrane of chloroplasts. Scientists who want to study the genetic
material found inside the chloroplast will sometimes use methods
like electroporation. This creates holes in the membrane to allow
nucleic acids to enter or escape. The holes will quickly close
after electroporation is complete. Assuming no damage to the
membrane proteins occurs, how would large holes in the membrane
affect photosynthesis?

a) Photosynthesis would continue, but at a lowered pace because
the damaged membrane would limit the ability to capture

b) Photosynthesis would not continue, because holes in the
membrane would disrupt the concentration gradient across the

c) Photosynthesis would occur at half the normal rate, because
holes in the membrane would separate photosystem I from photosystem

d) Photosynthesis would continue normally, because the membrane
is simply a physical scaffold to hold proteins in place and has no
function in the process.

can you explain little confused on this

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