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Background: Novel T cell-enabling therapies, in combination with checkpoint inhibition, may improve OS in GBM. INO-5401 (synthetic DNA plasmids encoding for hTERT, WT-1 and PSMA), plus INO-9012 (synthetic DNA plasmid encoding IL-12), with the PD-1 checkpoint inhibitor cemiplimab, is given to patients with newly-diagnosed GBM to evaluate tolerability, efficacy and immunogenicity of the combination. Methods: Phase I/II, single arm, 2 cohort study (A: MGMT unmethylated, B: MGMT methylated). The primary endpoint is safety; efficacy and immunogenicity are secondary. Nine mg INO-5401 plus 1 mg INO-9012 (every 3 weeks for 4 doses, then Q9W) is given with EP by CELLECTRA 2000 with cemiplimab (350 mg IV Q3W). RT is given as 40 Gy over 3 weeks. TMZ is given with radiation (all patients), followed by maintenance (Cohort B only). Results: Fifty two subjects were enrolled: 32 in Cohort A; 20 in Cohort B. 35% women and 90% white. Median age 60 years (range 19-78 years). Common Grade ≥3 AEs reported were: platelet count decreased (11.5%), tumor inflammation (7.7%), seizure (7.7%), ALT increased (7.7%), lymphocyte count decreased (7.7.%). One Grade 5 unrelated event of urosepsis was reported. Of 69 SAEs reported there was only 1 related to the combination therapy, Grade 1 pyrexia. 48% of subjects reported irAEs, most frequently ALT increased (9.6%), AST increased (7.7%), diarrhea (7.7%), pyrexia (7.7%) and tumor inflammation (7.7%). 71% of the reported SAEs and irAEs occurred within the first 12 weeks of treatment. OS at 12 months was 84.4% (95% CI 67.2, 94.7) in Cohort A; Cohort B will be presented at ASCO. ELISpot assessments demonstrated T cell responses to INO-5401. Flow cytometry demonstrated evidence of activated INO-5401-specific CD8+T cells with lytic potential (CD38+Prf+GrzA+) when compared with baseline, post-treatment in the majority of patients assayed. Conclusions: INO-5401 + INO-9012 in combination with cemiplimab and RT/TMZ has an acceptable safety profile, is immunogenic and may show a survival advantage in patients with newly-diagnosed GBM. OS18 data will be presented later this year. Clinical trial information: NCT03491683.



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