Its research with Beijing Institute of Biotechnology is funded by China's Ministry of Science and Technology. United States company Moderna began clinical trials last month.

"A total of 500 people signed up to volunteer for that in the first phase, which looked at the safety of this vaccine, and the second phase has now introduced a placebo control group", she said.

According to the World Health Organization, as told by The Daily Mail, all three leading candidates, which are from companies in the United States and the Beijing Institute of Biotechnology with Hongkong's CanSino Bio, are now undergoing human trials. After immunization, the vaccine antigens can not replicate in the vaccinated person or cause disease.

Three vaccines are now in clinical trials with over a dozen more expected in the coming weeks; Dr. Peter Hotez from the Baylor College of Medicine reacts.

GSK's adjuvant can be of particular importance in a pandemic situation since it may reduce the amount of vaccine protein required per dose, allowing more vaccine doses to be produced and therefore contributing to protecting more people.

"Normally with vaccines you start off with small animals and then move to primates and then to the humans", Nicholls told Al Jazeera. The biotech hopes to have early safety results by late summer and it targets production of 1 million doses by the end of this year.

Another 67 companies, including drug giant Pfizer Inc., are racing to develop a vaccine, also, the agency said. The company first began running human trials in Wuhan, where the novel coronavirus originated, back in mid-March.

Who said that it is planned to develop a vaccine against coronavirus for a year and a half, while on average, the creation of a new vaccine and release it to the market requires 10-15 years.

UQ created COVID-19 in its laboratory and then set about designing a vaccine to combat the virus. The vaccine developed by Inovio Pharmaceuticals is a DNA-based vaccine, which is a DNA plasmid vaccine Electroporation device, while the one developed by Moderna is an LNPencapsulated mRNA vaccine.

Currently, there are no effective drugs for the deadly disease, although several candidate drugs are in clinical trials.

"We are scientists, physicians, funders and manufacturers who have come together as part of an global collaboration, coordinated by the World Health Organization (WHO), to help speed the availability of a vaccine against COVID-19", the statement reads in part.

"Strategic alliances among vaccine industry leaders are essential to make a coronavirus vaccine available as soon as possible", commented BARDA Director Rick Bright.

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