Irreversible electroporation (IRE) is a minimally invasive tumor therapy using pulsed electric field with high intensity while the important tissues such as blood vessel, bile duct, and nerve are preserved. In addition to ablation area, reversible electroporation (RE) region is also generated using needle electrodes for pulse delivery. The goal of this work is to study the generation of RE region and ablation region on a 2-D lung adenocarcinoma cell model in vitro. The tumor model is exposed to electric pulses with various number. The calcium AM and propidium iodide (PI) are examined to detect the ablation area and electroporation area, respectively. The results show that electroporation area firstly tends to plateau after approximately 50 pulses, while the ablation area continues to increase. The percentage of IRE area in total electroporation area increases with additional pulses, which means that RE region could be gradually turned into ablation area with increased pulse number. However, the percentage of IRE area only achieves to 54% for 200 pulses, which indicates that RE region still cannot be completely removed. RE and IRE thresholds appear to converge as the number of pulses increases. An equation between pulse number and the electric field threshold of ablation including the electric field threshold of RE is also provided for lung adenocarcinoma cell ablation. This work may have the value for the optimization of IRE protocols on tumor ablation.



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